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Host-parasite distributions under changing climate: Tsuga heterophylla and Arceuthobium tsugense in AlaskaAuthor(s): Tara M. Barrett; Greg Latta; Paul E. Hennon; Bianca N.I. Eskelson; Hailemariam Temesgen
Source: Canadian Journal of Forestry Research. 42: 642-656
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionDwarf mistletoes (Arceuthobium species) influence many processes within forested ecosystems, but few studies have examined their distribution in relation to climate. An analysis of 1549 forested plots within a 14.5 million ha region of southeast Alaska provided strong indications that climate currently limits hemlock dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium tsugense (Rosendahl) G.N. Jones) to a subset of the range of its primary tree host, western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.), with infection varying from a high of 20% of trees at sea level to only 5% by 200 m elevation. Three types of modeling approaches (logistic, most similar neighbor, and random forests) were tested for the ability to simultaneously predict abundance and distribution of host and pathogen as a function of climate variables.
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CitationBarrett, Tara M.; Latta, Greg; Hennon, Paul E.; Eskelson, Bianca N.I.; Temesgen, Hailemariam. 2012. Host-parasite distributions under changing climate: Tsuga heterophylla and Arceuthobium tsugense in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research. 42: 642-656.
Keywordsclimate envelope models, species distribution modeling, climate niche, climate change, dispersal
- Distribution of western hemlock dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium tsugense [Rosendahl] G.N. Jones Subsp. tsugense) in mature and old-growth Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii [Mirb.] Franco) forests
- A synthesis of the literature on the biology, ecology, and management of western hemlock dwarf mistletoe.
- Control of Western Dwarf Mistletoe with the plant-growth regulator Ethephon.
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