Skip to Main Content
Climatology and Meteorological Evolution of Major Wildfire Events over the Northeast United StatesAuthor(s): Joseph B. Pollina; Brian A. Colle; Joseph J. Charney
Source: Wea. Forecasting, 28, 175–193.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
Download Publication (10.91 MB)
Related Research Highlights Scientists Develop Wildfire Weather Climatology for the Northeastern United States
DescriptionThis study presents a spatial and temporal climatology of major wildfire events, defined as >100 acres burned (>40.47 ha, where 1 ha = 2.47 acre), in the northeast United States from 1999 to 2009 and the meteorological conditions associated with these events. The northeast United States is divided into two regions: region 1 is centered over the higher terrain of the northeast United States and region 2 is primarily over the coastal plain. About 59% of all wildfire events in these two regions occur in April and May, with ~76% in region 1 and ~53% in region 2. There is large interannual variability in wildfire frequency, with some years having 4–5 times more fire events than other years. The synoptic flow patterns associated with northeast United States wildfires are classified using the North American Regional Reanalysis. The most common synoptic pattern for region 1 is a surface high pressure system centered over the northern Appalachians, which occurred in approximately 46% of all events. For region 2, the prehigh anticyclone type extending from southeast Canada and the Great Lakes to the northeast United States is the most common pattern, occurring in about 46% of all events. A trajectory analysis highlights the influence of large-scale subsidence and decreasing relative humidity during the events, with the prehigh pattern showing the strongest subsidence and downslope drying in the lee of the Appalachians.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
CitationPollina, Joseph B.; Colle, Brian A.;Charney, Joseph J. 2013. Climatology and Meteorological Evolution of Major Wildfire Events over the Northeast United States. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 175–193.
- Fire behavior, fuel treatments, and fire suppression on the Hayman Fire - Part 1: Fire weather, meteorology, and climate
- Atmospheric circulation patterns associated with wildfires in the monsoon regions of China
- Spatio-temporal trends of drought by forest type in the conterminous United States, 1960-2013
XML: View XML