Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Alan G. Leach; Jacob N. Straub; Richard M. Kaminski; Andrew W. Ezell; Tracy S. HawkinsTheodor D. Leininger
    Date: 2012
    Source: The Journal of Wildlife Management 76(7):1519–152
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (82.03 KB)


    Decomposition of red oak acorns (Quercus spp.; Section Erythrobalanus) could decrease forage biomass and gross energy (GE) available to wintering ducks from acorns. We estimated changes in mass and GE for 3 species of red oak acorns in flooded and non-flooded bottomland hardwood forests in Mississippi during winter 2009–2010. Mass loss of acorns was ≤ 8.1% and reduction in GE ≤ 0.03 kcal/g after exposure for 90 days. These small changes in mass and GE of red oak acorns would have minimal effect on carrying capacity of bottomland hardwood forests for ducks.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Leach, Alan G.; Straub, Jacob N.; Kaminski, Richard M.; Ezell, Andrew W.; Hawkins, Tracy S.; Leininger, Theodor D. 2012. Effects of winter flooding on mass and gross energy of bottomland hardwood acorns. The Journal of Wildlife Management 76(7):1519–1522.


    acorns, carrying capacity, conservation planning, ducks, metabolizable energy, Mississippi Alluvial Valley, red oak, Quercus spp

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page