Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): K.F Connor
    Date: 2002
    Source: In: Vozzo, J.A. Tropical Tree Seed Manual. Agric. Handbook 721. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 332-334.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (163.29 KB)

    Description

    Bauhinia variegata is a small to medium-sized evergreen or deciduous tree that reaches 1.8 to 7.6 m in height and up to 20.3 cm in diameter. The species grows well on soils of medium fertility that are either droughty or moist; it is not tolerate of nutrient-poor sites. Although reproduction is abundant, B. variegata spreads slowly and is confined to a limited habitat. It is native to southeastern Asia and grows from India to China. It is one of the most commonly cultivated small trees in India and is a reliable greenhouse species. A popular planting in Florida and Hawaii, the species has escaped and naturalized in the southern foothills of Puerto Rico and throughout the West Indies. No hybrids or geographical races have been reported. The 5-petaled, showy flowers appear on short racemes, about seven to each shoot. They are 7.6 to 10.2 cm across and range in color from white (in the variety candida Buch.-Ham.) to rose or lavender/ purple. Petals are 5.1 to 6.4 cm long and 2.5 to 3.2 cm wide. The calyx splits along one side when opening and remains attached. There are 5 to 6 fertile stamens per flower. Fruits are dark, dehiscent pods that curve and twist when splitting open. They are long, thin, and pointed on both ends.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Connor, K.F. 2002. Bauhinia variegata L. In: Vozzo, J.A. Tropical Tree Seed Manual. Agric. Handbook 721. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 332-334.

    Keywords

    Bauhinia variegata, species description, seed research, poor-man's orchid

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/43214