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    Author(s): Rebecca A. Baird; David Verbyla; Teresa N. Hollingsworth
    Date: 2012
    Source: Canadian Journal of Forestry Research. 42: 1371-1392
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.3 MB)

    Description

    We used a time series of 1986-2009 Landsat sensor data to compute the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for 30 m pixels within the Bonanza Creek Experimental Forest of interior Alaska. Based on simple linear regression, we found significant (p < 0.05) declining trends in mean NDVI of three dominant landscape types of floodplains, lowlands, and uplands. At smaller patch sizes, similar declining trends occurred among topographic classes of north- and south-facing slopes and valley bottoms and among forest classes, including black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.). Significant positive trends in mean NDVI occurred only in areas that were recently burned, whereas wetlands had no significant trend. The greatest departure from the NDVI trend line occurred following the 2004 drought for all forest classes except black spruce, which dominates the coldest sites, and balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera L.), which occurs on low, moist terraces within the Tanana River floodplain. The consistent long-term declining trend at several spatial scales may be due to a regional climatic regime shift that occurred in the mid-1970s.

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    Citation

    Baird, Rebecca A.; Verbyla, David; Hollingsworth, Teresa N. 2012. Browning of the landscape of interior Alaska based on 1986-2009 Landsat sensor NDVI. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research. 42: 1371-1392.

    Keywords

    climate change, NDVI, timeseries, Bonanza Greek Experimental Forest, Alaska

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