Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): K.F. Connor
    Date: 2004
    Source: In: Francis, John K. ed. 2004. Wildland shrubs of the United States and its Territories: thamnic descriptions: volume 1. Gen. Tech. Rep. IITF-GTR-26. San Juan, PR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry, and Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 343-344.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
    PDF: Download Publication  (117.26 KB)

    Description

    Swamp privet is a deciduous shrub or small, open-crowned tree, occasionally reaching 10 m in height but more often averaging 1.5 to 2.5 m. It is commonly multi-trunked. The bark ranges from gray to dark brown in color and is either smooth or ridged. Twigs are light brown, glabrous, and have conspicuous lenticels. Leaves are simple, opposite, and a dull, yellowish green. They range in size from 3 to 11 cm in length, and 2.5 to 5 cm in width. Leaves have long, pointed tips and petioles that are slender and slightly winged at the base. While leaf margins are usually smooth, it is not uncommon for the apex half to be finely serrated. Swamp privet is found in the wet woodlands and swamps of the Southeastern United States, from South Carolina south to Florida and westward into Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. It ranges as far north as Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri. Swamp privet will grow in either full or partial sun and is highly adaptable to various soils as long as they are moist. It frequently produces new stems from the base of senescing individuals, especially when soils are flooded. Swamp privet plants are monoecious; flowers emerge in the spring before the leaves unfold. They are yellow, fragrant and small, the males sessile or almost so, the females in small panicles or fascicles. They have no petals and minute or absent sepals. Male flowers have one to four stamens, female flowers have simple or two-lobed stigmas. Fruits are dark purple or black oblong drupes, 8 to 12 mm long with one, rarely two, seeds. They appear in summer and are promptly shed. The fruits are considered good food for wildlife.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Connor, K.F. 2004. Forestiera acuminata (Michx.). In: Francis, John K. ed. 2004. Wildland shrubs of the United States and its Territories: thamnic descriptions: volume 1. Gen. Tech. Rep. IITF-GTR-26. San Juan, PR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry, and Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 343-344.

    Keywords

    species description, Foresteria acuminata, swamp privet

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/43339