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Understanding the relationships between American ginseng harvest and hardwood forests inventory and timber harvest to improve co-management of the forests of eastern United StatesAuthor(s): James L. Chamberlain; Stephen Prisley; Michael McGuffin
Source: Journal of Sustainable Forestry. DOI:10.1080/10549811.2013.798828
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
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DescriptionThe roots of American ginseng have been harvested from the hardwood forests of eastern United States, along-side timber, since the mid-1700s. Very little is known about this non-timber commodity relative to timber, although significant volumes of ginseng root have been harvested from the same forests along with timber. The harvest of ginseng correlated positively and significantly with hardwood forest area, hardwood growing stock volume and timber removals. Also, it correlated with hardwood growing stock on public forest lands in the region. The annual wholesale value of American ginseng was estimated at approximately $26.9 million compared to annual stumpage value of harvested hardwood timber of just over $1.27 billion. The volume of ginseng root harvested from natural forests represents substantial extraction of biomass, and the associated value represents substantial income for people living in an economically marginalized region. Co-management of eastern hardwood forests for timber and non-timber forest products could improve local economies and better conserve the bio-diversity of these forests.
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CitationChamberlain, James L.; Prisley, Stephen; McGuffin, Michael. 2013. Understanding the relationships between American ginseng harvest and hardwood forests inventory and timber harvest to improve co-management of the forests of eastern United States. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. DOI:10.1080/10549811.2013.798828
KeywordsAmerican ginseng, forest inventory, medicinal plants, non-timber forest products, temperate hardwood forests, timber production
- Relationships between harvest of American ginseng and hardwood timber production
- Growing American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) in Forestlands
- Explaining harvests of wild-harvested herbaceous plants: American ginseng as a case study
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