Skip to Main Content
Fuel-reduction treatments for restoration in eastern hardwoods: impacts on multiple ecosystem componentsAuthor(s): Thomas A. Waldrop; Daniel A. Yaussy; Ralph E.J. Boerner; Cathryn H. Greenberg; Dean M. Simon
Source: In: Guldin, James M., ed. 2013. Proceedings of the 15th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-GTR-175. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 367-375.
Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (1.21 MB)
DescriptionThe Southern Appalachian Mountains and Ohio Hills sites are unique within the National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study because they are in hardwood-dominated forests. The efficacy of four fuel-reduction treatments was evaluated to restore these unmanaged hardwood forests to the structure and function of open woodland habitats. Treatments included control, prescribed burning, mechanical, and a combination of burning and mechanical treatments. Overstory basal area and density of saplings and shrubs were used as measures of ecosystem structure while soil carbon and breeding bird species richness were indicators of ecosystem function. The combination of burning and mechanical treatments provided the most rapid progress toward restoration but not all goals were met. At both study sites, overstory and understory vegetation remained too dense, soils were largely unaffected, and bird species richness showed only ephemeral increases. Repeated treatments are needed to replicate historical structure and function.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWaldrop, Thomas A.; Yaussy, Daniel A.; Boerner, Ralph E.J.; Greenberg, Cathryn H.; Simon, Dean M. 2013. Fuel-reduction treatments for restoration in eastern hardwoods: impacts on multiple ecosystem components. In: Guldin, James M., ed. 2013. Proceedings of the 15th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-GTR-175. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 367-375.
- Fuel reduction treatments affect stand structure of hardwood forests in Western North Carolina and Southern Ohio, USA
- Restoration of shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata) - hardwood ecosystems severely impacted by the southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis)
- Bird response to fire severity and repeated burning in upland hardwood forest
XML: View XML