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    Author(s): Franz J. St John; James F. Preston; Edwin Pozharski
    Date: 2012
    Source: Journal of Structural Biology 180, 2012; pp. 303–311.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.44 MB)

    Description

    The Gram-positive bacterium Paenibacillus sp. JDR-2 (PbJDR2) has been shown to have novel properties in the utilization of the abundant but chemically complex hemicellulosic sugar glucuronoxylan. Xylanase A1 of PbJDR2 (PbXynA1) has been implicated in an efficient process in which extracellular depolymerization of this polysaccharide is coupled to assimilation and intracellular metabolism. PbXynA1is a 154 kDa cell wall anchored multimodular glycosyl hydrolase family 10 (GH10) xylanase. In this work, the 38 kDa catalytic module of PbXynA1 has been structurally characterized revealing several new features not previously observed in structures of GH10 xylanases. These features are thought to facilitate hydrolysis of highly substituted, chemically complex xylans that may be the form found in close proximity to the cell wall of PbJDR2, an organism shown to have a preference for growth on polymeric glucuronoxylan.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    St. John, Franz J.; Preston, James F.; Pozharski, Edwin. 2012. Novel structural features of xylanase A1 from Paenibacillus sp. JDR-2. Journal of Structural Biology. 180: 303-311.

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    Keywords

    Paenibacillus, molar xylanase, GH10, Glycosyl hydrolase family 10, GH 10 structure

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