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    Author(s): Bitty A. Roy
    Date: 2012
    Source: In: Sniezko, Richard A.; Yanchuk, Alvin D.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M.; Alexander, Janice M.; Frankel, Susan J., tech. coords. 2012. Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on the genetics of host-parasite interactions in forestry: Disease and insect resistance in forest trees. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-240. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. p. 103
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (116.47 KB)

    Description

    The terms "resistance" and "tolerance" have been used by different scientists to refer to different things, and they have often been measured (and thus operationally defined) in ways that confuse the two concepts with each other. In keeping with the emerging consensus on resistance and tolerance, the following conceptual distinction is useful: resistance refers to traits that prevent infection or limit its extent, and tolerance refers to traits that do not reduce or eliminate infection, but instead reduce or offset its fitness consequences. Thus, resistance and tolerance can both improve host fitness; resistance does so by reducing infection, whereas tolerance does so by reducing the fitness loss under infection. In this review, I will briefly set up the differences between resistance and tolerance, then discuss what we know about mechanisms for tolerance and what is known about tolerance in relation to tree diseases.

    Publication Notes

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    Citation

    Roy, Bitty A. 2012. What do we know about mechanisms for tolerating pathogens, and can tolerance be applied to managing tree diseases? In: Sniezko, Richard A.; Yanchuk, Alvin D.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M.; Alexander, Janice M.; Frankel, Susan J., tech. coords. 2012. Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on the genetics of host-parasite interactions in forestry: Disease and insect resistance in forest trees. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-240. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. p. 103.

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