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    This paper presents analysis of a 3-dimensional engineered structural panel (3DESP) having a tri-axial core structure made from phenolic impregnated laminated-paper composites with and without high strength composite carbon-fiber fabric laminated to the outside of both faces. Both I-beam equations and finite element method were used to analyze four-point bending of the panels. Comparisons were made with experimental panels. In this study, four experimental panels were fabricated and analyzed to determine the influence of the carbon-fiber on bending performance. The materials properties for finite element analyses (FEA) and I-beam equations were obtained from either the manufacturer or in-house material tensile tests. The results of the FEA and I-beam equations were used to compare with the experimental 3DESP four-point bending tests. The maximum load, face stresses, shear stresses, and apparent modulus of elasticity were determined. For the I-beam equations, failure was based on maximum stress values. For FEA, the Tsai-Wu strength failure criterion was used to determine structural materials failure. The I-beam equations underestimated the performance of the experimental panels. The FEA-estimated load values were generally higher than the experimental panels exhibiting slightly higher panel properties and load capacity. The addition of carbon-fiber fabric to the face of the panels influenced the failure mechanism from face buckling to panel shear at the face–rib interface. FEA provided the best comparison with the experimental bending results for 3DESP.

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    Li, Jinghao; Hunt, John F.; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhou, Xianyan. 2013. Bending analyses for 3D engineered structural panels made from laminated paper and carbon fabric. Composites: Part B. 53: 17–24.


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    A. Laminates, A. Carbon fiber, C.Finite element analysis (FEA) D. Mechanical testing

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