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    Author(s): James J. BridwellRobert J. RossZhiyong CaiDavid E. Kretschmann
    Date: 2013
    Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Research Note, FPL-RN-0329, 2013: 17 p.
    Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)


    Throughout the United States, hundreds of tornados and several hurricanes affect people’s livelihoods each year. These natural disasters not only cause structural damage to property, they also cause numerous injuries, and regrettably, far too many deaths of people caught in their path. In an effort to increase the probability of surviving the strong winds and associated flying debris of these ferocious storms, a number of Americans are installing safe rooms in their homes.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Bridwell, James J.; Ross, Robert J.; Cai, Zhiyong; Kretschmann, David E. 2013. USDA Forest Products Laboratory's debris launcher. Research Note, FPL-RN-0329. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 17 p.


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    Safe rooms, cross laminated timber, debris launcher

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