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    Author(s): Wenshu Lin; Jingxin Wang
    Date: 2013
    Source: In: Miller, Gary W.; Schuler, Thomas M.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Brooks, John R.; Grushecky, Shawn T.; Spong, Ben D.; Rentch, James S., eds. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2012 March 26-28; Morgantown, WV; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-117. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 292-312.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (259.02 KB)

    Description

    An integrated 3D log processing optimization system was developed to perform 3D log generation, opening face determination, headrig log sawing simulation, fl itch edging and trimming simulation, cant resawing, and lumber grading. A circular cross-section model, together with 3D modeling techniques, was used to reconstruct 3D virtual logs. Internal log defects (knots) were depicted using a cone model with apex at the central axis of the log. Heuristic and dynamic programming (DP) algorithms were developed to determine the best opening face, primary log sawing, edging and trimming, and cant resawing optimization. Th e National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA) grading rules were computerized and incorporated into the system for lumber grading. The system was tested using field data collected at two central Appalachian hardwood sawmills. Results showed that lumber value recovery can be significantly improved by using the optimization system. The optimization system can assist mill managers and operators in efficiently utilizing raw materials and increasing their overall competitiveness in the ever-changing forest products market.

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    Citation

    Lin, Wenshu; Wang, Jingxin. 2013. An integrated 3D log processing optimization system for small sawmills in central Appalachia. In: Miller, Gary W.; Schuler, Thomas M.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Brooks, John R.; Grushecky, Shawn T.; Spong, Ben D.; Rentch, James S., eds. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2012 March 26-28; Morgantown, WV; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-117. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 292-312.

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/44096