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Long-term decline of a winter-resident bird community in Puerto RicoAuthor(s): J. Faaborg; W. J. Arendt; J. D. Toms; K. M. Dugger; W. A. Cox; M. Canals Mora
Source: Biodiversity and Conservation 22:63-75
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
PDF: View PDF (293.26 KB)
DescriptionDespite concern expressed two decades ago, there has been little recent discussion about continuing declines of migrant bird populations. Monitoring efforts have been focused almost exclusively on the breeding grounds. We describe the long-term decline of a winter-resident bird population in Guanica Commonwealth Forest, Puerto Rico, one of the last remaining tracts of high-quality tropical dry forests in the Caribbean. The winter bird community has exhibited dramatic declines, with constant-effort mist netting now capturing about one-third as many birds as it did 20 years ago. Population estimates for the three most common species have declined dramatically, even though survival rates have remained constant, and other species are now virtually absent from a site where they once were fairly common. Although explanations for these declines are speculative, particularly because they involve multiple species, we argue that the strength and duration of these declines in well-preserved dry forest within a biosphere reserve should stimulate renewed discussion of migrant population trends and comparison with other recent monitoring activities.
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CitationFaaborg, J.; Arendt, W. J.; Toms, J. D.; Dugger, K. M.; Cox, W. A.; Canals Mora, M. 2013. Long-term decline of a winter-resident bird community in Puerto Rico. Biodiversity and Conservation 22:63-75.
KeywordsAmerican Redstart, Black-and-white Warbler, Ovenbird, Partners in Flight, Songbird population declines
- Population ecology, habitat requirements, and conservation of neotropical migratory birds
- Population genetic structure and dispersal across a fragmented landscape in cerulean warblers (Dendroica cerulea)
- Population trends and management opportunities for neotropical migrants
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