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Wildfire hazard mapping: exploring site conditions in eastern US wildlandruban interfacesAuthor(s): Matthew P. Peters; Louis R. Iverson; Stephen N. Matthews; Anantha M. Prasad
Source: International Journal of Wildland Fire. 22: 567-578.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
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DescriptionWildfires are a serious threat for land managers and property owners, and over the last few decades this threat has expanded as a result of increased rural development. Most wildfires in the north-eastern US occur in the wildlandurban interface, those regions of intermingling urban and non-developed vegetated lands, where access to firefighting resources can be limited. We created monthly wildfire ignition probability maps from environmental predictors and wildfires occurring between 2000 and 2009 for the states of New Jersey, Ohio and Pennsylvania. Predictor variables included a drought index, long-term soil moisture, percentage forest and wildlandurban interface classifications. Probability maps generated from modelled (Maxent) extrapolations were used to create monthly hazard maps to aid agencies and managers with resource allocation and likelihood projections of wildfires across the region. Our results suggest that monthly hazard assessments provide a better indication of potential wildfires than does a single mean annual probability. Our monthly predictions retain information related to long-term seasonal variability associated with environmental variables and the recorded wildfires providing spatial and temporal information for resource allocation.
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CitationPeters, Matthew P.; Iverson, Louis R.; Matthews, Stephen N.; Prasad, Anantha M. 2013. Wildfire hazard mapping: exploring site conditions in eastern US wildlandruban interfaces. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 22: 567-578.
KeywordsMaxent, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, predictive modelling, resource planning
- Incorporating fine-scale drought information into an eastern US wildfire hazard model
- Places where wildfire potential and social vulnerability coincide in the coterminous United States
- A burning problem: social dynamics of disaster risk reduction through wildfire mitigation
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