Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Jack L. Butler; Stefanie D. Wacker
    Date: 2013
    Source: The Prairie Naturalist. 45: 28-38.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (418.99 KB)


    We report the first detailed field survey of sickleweed (Falcaria vulgaris L.) in the United States. Sickleweed is native to Europe, the Mediterranean, Asia Minor, and Iran and was first reported in the United States in 1922. It is listed by the Nebraska Invasive Species Council as a Category II invasive plant species. In recent years, abundance and distribution of sickleweed has increased dramatically in and around the Fort Pierre National Grassland (FPNG), South Dakota. Management of such a rapidly expanding population is hampered by a general lack of baseline information on the biology and ecology of sickleweed. We used an environmental gradient approach to describe the abundance and distribution of sickleweed on the FPNG and found that sickleweed colonization and expansion may be largely driven by small and large scale disturbances that create gaps in ground cover (bare soil and total vegetative cover plus litter), reduced diversity (H'), and altered competitive relationships with western wheatgrass. Minimizing disturbances that create gaps in litter and vegetative cover, decrease diversity, increase bare soil, and alter the dominance of western wheatgrass may reduce the colonization and expansion of sickleweed.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Butler, Jack L.; Wacker, Stefanie D. 2013. Sickleweed on the Fort Pierre National Grasslands: An emerging threat. The Prairie Naturalist. 45: 28-38.


    grassland invasibility, sickleweed, western wheatgrass, random forest, variable importance plots, conditional inference trees

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page