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Land suitability for establishing rainwater harvesting systems for fighting wildfiresAuthor(s): José María León Villalobos; Manuel Anaya Garduño; Enrique Ojeda Trejo; Dante Arturo Rodríguez Trejo; José Luis Oropeza Mota; Jorge Luis García Rodríguez
Source: In: González-Cabán, Armando, tech. coord. Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: climate change and wildfires. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-245 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 304-312
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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DescriptionRainwater harvesting systems (RHSs) can be used to improve the efficiency of helicopter firefighting operations. To this end, RHSs need to be strategically located in areas with high wildfire occurrence to maximize their usefulness. In this study, spatial analysis was carried out to determine suitable sites for establishing RHSs intended for air attack operations in three municipalities (Chalco, Ixtapaluca and Tlalmanalco) located in the eastern part of the state of Mexico, Mexico. Five variables were used for site selection: wind speed, distance to roads, runoff, evaporation and wildfire density. Each variable was graded by consulting experts and multi-criteria decision analysis was performed to integrate them on a map. Potential RHS sites that met most of the criteria established are in the north and south of the study area. The method used in this study to identify suitable sites for establishing RHSs is a useful tool. Expert knowledge and field visits would also be helpful in selecting the best RHS site and design, in order to reduce costs and environmental impacts.
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CitationVillalobos, José María León; Garduño, Manuel Anaya; Trejo, Enrique Ojeda; Trejo, Dante Arturo Rodríguez; Mota, José Luis Oropeza; Rodríguez, Jorge Luis García. 2013. Land suitability for establishing rainwater harvesting systems for fighting wildfires. In: González-Cabán, Armando, tech. coord. Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: climate change and wildfires. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-245 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 304-312.
Keywordscurve number, multi-criteria analysis, wildfire fighting
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