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    Author(s): Paul H. Gobster
    Date: 2012
    Source: Chapter 8. In: Stanturf, J.; Lamb, D.; Madsen, P., eds. Forest landscape restoration: integrating natural and social sciences. New York: Springer. World Forests. 15: 155-177.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (808.47 KB)

    Description

    Ecological restoration incorporates land management principles and activities aimed at returning a damaged or degraded ecosystem back to a key historic trajectory in order to achieve goals of ecosystem health, integrity, and sustainability. In the United States, many restorationists look to ecological conditions present before the time of European settlement as the key historic landscape they are seeking to restore, and employ an approach to restoration management that has been called "classical ecological restoration".

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    Citation

    Gobster, Paul H. 2012. Alternative approaches to urban natural areas restoration: integrating social and environmental goals. Chapter 8. In: Stanturf, J.; Lamb, D.; Madsen, P., eds. Forest landscape restoration: integrating natural and social sciences. New York: Springer. World Forests. 15: 155-177.

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