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    Author(s): R. H. Kao; C.M. Gibson; R. E. Gallery; C. L. Meier; D. T. Barnett; K. M. Docherty; K. K. Blevins; P. D. Travers; E. Azuaje; Y. P. Springer; K. M. Thibault; V. J. McKenzie; M. Keller; L. F. Alves; E. L. S. Hinckley; J. Parnell; D. Schimel
    Date: 2012
    Source: Ecosphere 3:1-17
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
    PDF: View PDF  (15.95 MB)

    Description

    Rapid changes in climate and land use and the resulting shifts in species distributions and ecosystem functions have motivated the development of the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON). Integrating across spatial scales from ground sampling to remote sensing, NEON will provide data for users to address ecological responses to changes in climate, land use, and species invasion across the United States for at least 30 years. Although NEON remote sensing and tower sensor elements are relatively well known, the biological measurements are not. This manuscript describes NEON terrestrial sampling, which targets organisms across a range of generation and turnover times, and a hierarchy of measurable biological states. Measurements encompass species diversity, abundance, phenology, demography, infectious disease, ecohydrology, and biogeochemistry. The continental-scale sampling requires collection of comparable and calibrated data using transparent methods. Data will be publicly available in a variety of formats and suitable for integration with other long-term efforts. NEON will provide users with the data necessary to address large-scale questions, challenge current ecological paradigms, and forecast ecological change.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Kao, R. H.; Gibson, C.M.; Gallery, R. E.; Meier, C. L.; Barnett, D. T.; Docherty, K. M.; Blevins, K. K.; Travers, P. D.; Azuaje, E.; Springer, Y. P.; Thibault, K. M.; McKenzie, V. J.; Keller, M.; Alves, L. F.; Hinckley, E. L. S.; Parnell, J.; Schimel, D. 2012. NEON terrestrial field observations: designing continental scale, standardized sampling. Ecosphere 3:1-17.

    Keywords

    abundance, biodiversity, biogeochemistry, demography, disease, ecohydrology, long-term monitoring, National Ecological Observatory Network, open-access data, phenology

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