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    Author(s): René I. Alfaro; John N. King
    Date: 2012
    Source: In: Sniezko, Richard A.; Yanchuk, Alvin D.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M.; Alexander, Janice M.; Frankel, Susan J., tech. coords. Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on the genetics of host-parasite interactions in forestry: Disease and insect resistance in forest trees. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-240. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. pp. 271-275
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.27 MB)

    Description

    The white pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (Coleoptera, Curculionidae), has serious impacts on Sitka (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière), Engelmann (P. engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.), and white spruce (P. glauca (Moench) Voss) plantations in British Columbia (BC), Canada. This weevil attacks the terminal leader of the tree, causing significant growth loss and deformities. Genetic resistance to this insect was demonstrated in early provenance trials in BC. This encouraged us to initiate a systematic search for resistant trees to confirm this resistance and to improve parent source selections, especially in the Sitka spruce breeding program. Test plantations were initiated and, to accelerate the screening process and create a uniform weevil pressure, insect populations were artificially augmented at many of these trial sites. Artificial infestation provided quick and effective screening and allowed us to proceed with the construction of an F-1 population, and to understand the mechanisms and heritability of resistance. Seed orchards have been established and weevil resistant seedlings are now available for operational planting.

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    Citation

    Alfaro, René I.; King, John N. 2012. Screening Sitka spruce for resistance to weevil damage in British Columbia. In: Sniezko, Richard A.; Yanchuk, Alvin D.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M.; Alexander, Janice M.; Frankel, Susan J., tech. coords. Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on the genetics of host-parasite interactions in forestry: Disease and insect resistance in forest trees. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-240. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. pp. 271-275.

    Keywords

    spruce, weevil, genetic resistance, tree improvement, pest management

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/44928