Skip to Main Content
Hot water extracted wood fiber for production of wood plastic composites (WPCs)Author(s): Manuel Raul Pelaez-Samaniego; Vikram Yadama; Eini Lowell; Thomas E. Amidon; Timothy L. Chaffee
Source: De Gruyter. 67(2): 193-200
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (524.18 KB)
DescriptionUndebarked ponderosa pine chips were treated by hot water extraction to modify the chemical composition. In the treated pine (TP) , the mass was reduced by approximately 20%, and the extract was composed mainly of degradation products of hemicelluloses. Wood flour produced from TP and unextracted chips (untreated pine, UP) was blended with high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene (PP) and was extruded into wood plastic composites (WPCs). Formulations for WPCs consisted of 58% pine, 32% plastic, and 10% other additives. WPC based on HDPE+TP and PP+TP absorbed 46-45% less water than did WPC based on HDPE+UP and PP+UP, respectively. Thickness swelling was reduced by 45-59%, respectively, after 2520 h of immersion. The diffusion constant decreased by approximately 36%. Evaluation of mechanical properties in flexure and tension mode indicated improvements in TP-WPC properties, although the data were not statistically significant in all cases. Results showed that debarking of ponderosa pine is not required for WPC production.
- Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationPelaez-Samaniego, Manuel Raul; Yadama, Vikram; Lowell, Eini; Amidon, Thomas E.; Chaffee, Timothy L. 2013. Hot water extracted wood fiber for production of wood plastic composites (WPCs). De Gruyter. 67(2): 193-200.
Keywordsextrusion, hot water extraction, hygroscopicity, wood plastic composite (WPC)
- Biological resistance of polyethylene composites made with chemically modified fiber or flour
- Low temperature fluidized wood chip drying with monoterpene analysis
- Ponderosa pine needle length: an early indicator of release treatment effectiveness
XML: View XML