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    Substantial knowledge has been generated in the U.S. about the resource base for forest and other residue-derived biomass for bioenergy including co-firing in power plants. However, a lack of understanding regarding power plant-level operations and manager perceptions of drivers of biomass co-firing remains. This study gathered information from U.S. power plant managers to identify drivers behind co-firing, determine key conditions influencing past and current use, and explore future prospects for biomass in co-firing. Most of the biomass used in co-firing was woody biomass procured within 100 km of a power plant. Results show that the most influential co-firing drivers included: adequate biomass supply, competitive cost of biomass compared to fossil fuels, and costs of biomass transport. Environmental regulations were generally considered second-most influential in decisions to test or co-fire with biomass, but were of high importance to managers of plants that are currently not co-firing but may in the future.

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    Goerndt, Michael E.; Aguilar, Francisco X.; Skog, Kenneth. 2013. Drivers of biomass co-firing in U.S. coal-fired power plants. Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 58, 2013; 158-167.


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    Co-generation facilities, Coal-fired power plant, Internal factor, Environmental regulation, Operational costs

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