Skip to Main Content
Post-fledging survival in passerine birds and the value of post-fledging studies to conservationAuthor(s): W. Andrew Cox; Frank R. III Thompson; Allison S. Cox; John Faaborg
Source: The Journal of Wildlife Management. 78(2): 183-193.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
View PDF (238.44 KB)
DescriptionConservation efforts are most effective when we have complete demographic information for a species of concern. Nevertheless, fundamental gaps in our knowledge of demography still exist for many taxa. For passerine birds, the period of time directly after young birds leave the nest and before they disperse and/or migrate (i.e., the post-fledging period) remains an understudied life stage. We reviewed the literature on survival of passerine birds during the post-fledging period to synthesize current knowledge on survival rates and the factors affecting these rates, and conducted a sensitivity analysis to explore the relationship between population growth and post-fledging survival across the range of rates reported in the literature. Fledgling age was a strong predictor of survival, with the highest mortality occurring during the first 3 weeks after birds fledged. Among species, survival ranged from 0.23 to 0.87 during the first 3 weeks post-fledging and increased with adult body mass and nestling period duration. The relatively high proportion (12 of 19; 63%) of studies that detected at least 1 habitat effect on survival indicates that management focused on post-fledging habitat can improve survival. Sensitivity analyses indicated that post-fledging survival rates less than approximately 0.4 require unrealistic overwinter survival rates of juveniles to prevent population decline, unless adult survival rates and seasonal fecundity are high. Post-fledging survival is a useful metric for monitoring passerine populations because it sets the ceiling on first-year survival, responds to habitat management, and leads to more comprehensive demographic models for songbirds. Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationCox, W. Andrew; Thompson, Frank R. III; Cox, Allison S.; Faaborg, John.2014. Post-fledging survival in passerine birds and the value of post-fledging studies to conservation. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 78(2): 183-193.
Keywordsdemography, juvenile, passerines, population modeling, post-fledging, songbird productivity, survival
- Post-fledging survival of Northern Goshawks: the importance of prey abundance, weather, and dispersal
- Do mature forest birds prefer early-successional habitat during the post-fledging period?
- The effect of local and landscape-level characteristics on the abundance of forest birds in early-successional habitats during the post-fledging season in western Massachusetts
XML: View XML