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    Description

    The quantity and characteristics of coarse woody debris (CWD) were examined in four distinct pine ecosystems of north-western (NW) Spain, NW Russia and the NW USA. Despite differences in species, ecological conditions and management histories, in all four ecosystems the mean snag volume was less than that of logs, most of the CWD mass was in an intermediate degree of decay, and mature stands had the greatest amount of CWD mass, followed by middle-age and then young stands. The CWD ratio (ratio of dead to live wood volume) ranged from 2.8% to 126.6%, depending on pine ecosystem and stand age, and was influenced by the type of natural and human disturbance. The difference in CWD amount and distribution among the regions studied reflected differences in disturbance history and management practices. Only in NW USA was the sample size large enough to examine the effect of disturbance type on CWD amount and distribution. There, fire and insect damage were found to considerably influence the amount of CWD in both lodgepole and ponderosa pine forests. Comparison of how different factors affect the amount and distribution of CWD in different ecosystems could be useful in developing ecologically sustainable forest management guidelines.

    Publication Notes

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    Citation

    Herrero, Celia; Krankina, Olga; Monleon, Vicente J.; Bravo, Felipe. 2014. Amount and distribution of coarse woody debris in pine ecosystems of north-western Spain, Russia and the United States. iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry. 7: 53-60.

    Keywords

    disturbance, lodgepole pine, dead wood, ponderosa pine, scots pine

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/45747