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    Author(s): Umesh AgarwalSally Ralph
    Date: 2014
    Source: Prepr. Pap.-Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Energy Fuels 2014, Volume 59, Number 1, 2014; pp. 712-715.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (119.4 KB)

    Description

    In the field of conversion of biomass to ethanol, an important area of research is the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. Once cellulose is converted to glucose, it can be easily fermented to ethanol. As the cellulosic ethanol technology stands now, costly pretreatments and high dosages of cellulases are needed to achieve complete hydrolysis of the cellulose fraction of the biomass.1-3 This is mostly due to the inability of the enzymes to fully access the cellulose fraction given the complex plant cell wall structure. Many different technologies are being developed to modify the biomass to make cellulose more accessible for enzymatic saccharification.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Agarwal, Umesh; Ralph, Sally. 2014. On the conflicting findings of Role of Cellulose-Crystallinity in Enzume Hydrolysis of Biomass. Prepr. Pap.-Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Energy Fuels 2014, Volume 59, Number 1, 2014; pp. 712-715.

    Keywords

    Biorefinery, cellulose ethanol, biomass, enzyme hydrolysis, cellulose crystalinity

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