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    Author(s): Keith ReynoldsPaul Hessburg; Joan O’Callaghan
    Date: 2014
    Source: Science Findings 162. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.
    Publication Series: Science Findings
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.16 MB)


    Human settlement and land management have radically altered the composition and structure of eastern Washington forests. Restoring high-functioning landscapes and habitat patterns have broad implications for the future sustainability of native species, ecosystem services, and ecosystem processes. Many land managers and scientists have turned their attention to whole landscapes to decipher key changes in the terrestrial and aquatic systems. A goal is to formulate landscapelevel prescriptions for re-establishing broad functionality and resilience to disturbances and changing climate.

    Recognizing the need to simplify and expedite the process of landscape evaluation, a team of scientists and managers at the Pacific Northwest Research Station and the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest piloted the first application of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support (EMDS) software in support of a restoration project in eastern Washington. By interpreting and synthesizing large volumes of information about complex, multifaceted problems, EMDS enabled the team to (1) transparently evaluate departures of key landscape patterns and processes from historical and climate change reference conditions, and (2) formulate and compare landscape restoration prescriptions before implementing them.

    EMDS is currently being implemented throughout 4 million acres of the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest. It is also being used in other restoration projects throughout the Northwest and internationally.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Reynolds, Keith; Hessburg, Paul; O’Callaghan, Joan. 2014. Restoration planning on the Okanogan-Wenatchee national forest: prescriptions for resilient landscapes. Science Findings 162. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.


    ecosystem management decision support, EMDS, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest

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