Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Omar Espinoza; Urs Buehlmann; Michael Dockry
    Date: 2013
    Source: In: 4th International Scientific Conference on Hardwood Processing 2013, 7th-9th October 2013 Florence, Italy. 2013; pp. 298-305.
    Publication Series: Full Proceedings
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (893.61 KB)


    Forest certification systems are voluntary, market-based initiatives to promote the sustainable use of forests. These standards assume that consumers prefer products made from materials grown in an environmentally sustainable fashion, and this in turn creates incentives for companies to adopt responsible environmental practices. One of the major reasons for the creation of forest certification systems was to prevent deforestation in tropical forests. However, after 20 years of certification, only 10% of the global forest area is certified, mostly in countries that, arguably, alreadypracticed responsible forest management before certification. Only 2% of tropical forests have been certified (81 million hectares), while in the same period 283 million hectares were lost to deforestation. Africa and Latin America are the only regions with a net loss of forest area in the 2000-2010 decade. In this paper, the status of forest certification is analyzed, and challenges and opportunities are evaluated using the case of Bolivia. In a short period of time, Bolivia became the leader in tropical forest certification. However, in recent years, the area of Bolivian forestunder certification has fallen sharply; and deforestation has actually increased in the 2000-2010 period, compared with the previous decade. This research tries to uncover the reasons for the rapid initial growth of certification in Bolivia and its subsequent decline. The information generated from this research is valuable input for policymakers and support organizations to better assist countries with their efforts to sustainably manage their forests.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Espinoza, Omar; Buehlmann, Urs; Dockry, Michael. 2013. Status of Forest Certification. In: 4th International Scientific Conference on Hardwood Processing 2013, 7th-9th October 2013 Florence, Italy. 2013; pp. 298-305.


    forest certification, Bolivia

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page