Skip to Main Content
Relationship of wood surface energy to surface compositionAuthor(s): Feipeng P. Liu; Timothy G. Rials; John Simonsen
Source: Langmuir. 14: 536-541.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (335 KB)
DescriptionThe wood cell wall is composed of cellulose, lignin, hemicelluloses, and extractives. Thus, the surface energy of the wood material must be some combination of the surface energies of these components. The influence of extractives on wood surface chemistry can be important in diverse industrial applications, such as coating, pulping, and wood-based composites. In this study, pine wood meal was subjected to heating, washing with toluene, and extraction with acetone/water, dichloromethane, and ethanol/benzene. The surface properties and composition were then determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and inverse gas chromatography (IGC). The dispersive component of the surface free energy, the enthalpy, the entropy, and the acid/base interactions were calculated from IGC measurements and compared to the surface composition as revealed by XPS. Heating and washing with toluene altered surface properties only slightly. Extraction of wood meals with acetone/water, dichloromethane, and ethanol/benzene appeared to partially and selectively remove most extractives from the wood, resulting in an increased dispersive component of the surface energy, increased acidity, and increased basicity. The surface energy appeared to be related to the distribution of surface oxygen-containing functional groups.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationLiu, Feipeng P.; Rials, Timothy G.; Simonsen, John. 1998. Relationship of wood surface energy to surface composition. Langmuir. 14: 536-541.
- Color and Surface Chemistry Changes of Pine Wood Flour after Extraction and Delignification
- Weathering characteristics of wood plastic composites reinforced with extracted or delignified wood flour
- The properties of the wood-polystyrene interphase determined by inverse gas chromatography
XML: View XML