The economics of using woody biomass as a fuel or feedstock for bioenergy applications is often driven by logistical considerations. Depending on the source of the woody biomass, the acquisition cost of the material is often quite low, sometimes near zero. However, the cost of harvesting, collection, processing, storage, and transportation from the harvest site to end users can be quite expensive. In many cases, the combined cost of logistics will exceed the delivered value of the resource by a substantial margin. Therefore, it is highly important to the economic success of any bioenergy project that the logistics of bringing the woody biomass to the consuming facility be optimized to the greatest extent possible.