Skip to Main Content
Phylogeny of Rhus gall aphids (Hemiptera:Pemphigidae) based on combined molecular analysis of nuclear EF1α and mitochondrial COII genesAuthor(s): Zi-xiang Yang; Xiao-ming Chen; Nathan P. Havill; Ying Feng; Hang Chen
Source: Entomological Science. 13(3): 351-357.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
View PDF (332.4 KB)
DescriptionRhus gall aphids (Fordinae : Melaphidini) have a disjunct distribution in East Asia and North America and have specific host plant relationships. Some of them are of economic importance and all species form sealed galls which show great variation in shape, size, structure, and galling-site. We present a phylogeny incorporating ten species and four subspecies of Rhus gall aphids based on 1694 base pairs of nuclear elongation factor-1α (EF1α) and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit II (COII) DNA sequence data. The results suggest that Melaphidini is monophyletic and at the genus level, Schlechtendalia, Nurudea, and Floraphis were each monophyletic. Kaburagia and Meitanaphis were not monophyletic and therefore inconsistent with the current classification. The North American sumac gall aphid, Melaphis rhois, was most closely related to the East Asian Floraphis species, although this was poorly supported. The conservation of gall morphology with respect to aphid phylogeny rather than their host plants suggests that gall morphology is largely determined by the aphids. While there is no evidence of strict co-speciation between the aphids and their primary host plants, switching between recently diverged host plants may be involved in the speciation process in Melaphidini.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationYang, Zi-xiang; Chen, Xiao-ming; Havill, Nathan P.; Feng, Ying; Chen, Hang. 2010. Phylogeny of Rhus gall aphids (Hemiptera:Pemphigidae) based on combined molecular analysis of nuclear EF1α and mitochondrial COII genes. Entomological Science. 13(3): 351-357.
Keywordsgall evolution, Melaphidini, molecular phylogeny, taxonomy
- Fleshy fruit removal and nutritional composition of winter-fruiting plants: a comparison of non-native invasive and native species
- The biology of gall-inducing arthropods.
- Characterizing pathways of invasion using Sternorryhncha on imported plant material in cargo
XML: View XML