This chapter begins by discussing current challenges for ecosystem management that emerged from multiple chapters of the full synthesis. It then considers integrative approaches to promote resilience, including general strategies that recognize the integrated nature of socioecological systems, the importance of promoting disturbance regimes upon which these systems have evolved, and opportunities to integrate social considerations into strategies (see chapter 1.1, "Introduction," for definitions of key terms). It continues by outlining an adaptive management approach to scale up current practices so that planning and implementation are more congruent with the scales at which processes affect ecosystems in the synthesis area.
Long, Jonathan W.; Skinner, Carl; North, Malcolm; Hunsaker, Carolyn T.; Quinn-Davidson, Lenya. 2014. Integrative approaches: promoting socioecological resilience. In: Long, Jonathan W.; Quinn-Davidson, Lenya; Skinner, Carl, eds. Science synthesis to support socioecological resilience in the Sierra Nevada and southern Cascade Range. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-247. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 17-54. Chap. 1.2.