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    Author(s): Stan T. Lebow
    Date: 2014
    Source: In Deterioration and Protection of Sustainable Biomaterials; Schultz, T., et al.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2014; http://pubs.acs.org Publication Date (Web): June 10, 2014; pp. 239-254.
    Publication Series: Full Proceedings
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (413.25 KB)

    Description

    Leaching of biocides is an important consideration in the long term durability and any potential for environmental impact of treated wood products. This chapter discusses factors affecting biocide leaching, as well as methods of evaluating rate and quantity of biocide released. The extent of leaching is a function of preservative formulation, treatment methods, wood properties, type of application and exposure conditions. Wood properties such as permeability, chemistry and heartwood content affect both the amount of biocide contained in the wood as well as its resistance to leaching. A range of exposure factors and site conditions can affect leaching, but the most important of these appears to be the extent of exposure to water. For wood that is immersed in water or placed in contact with the ground the characteristics of that water (pH and inorganic and organic constituents) also play a role. For wood that is used above-ground or above water, the frequency of precipitation and patterns of wetting and drying are key considerations. Current standardized methods are intended to greatly accelerate leaching but are not well-suited to estimating leaching in service. Continued research is needed to refine methods that utilize larger specimens and more closely simulate in-service moisture conditions.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Lebow, Stan T. 2014. Chapter 14: Evaluating the Leaching of Biocides from Preservative-Treated Wood Products. In Deterioration and Protection of Sustainable Biomaterials; Schultz, T., et al.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2014; http://pubs.acs.org Publication Date (Web): June 10, 2014; pp. 239-254.

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    Keywords

    Preservative-treated wood, biocides, leaching, evaluation methods

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