Skip to Main Content
Community-based memorials to September 11, 2001: environmental stewardship as memory workAuthor(s): Erika S. Svendsen; Lindsay K. Campbell
Source: In: Tidball, Keith G.; Krasny, Marianne E., eds. Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, resilience and community greening. New York, NY: Springer Dordrecht: 339-355. Chapter 25.
Publication Series: Book Chapter
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (2.34 MB)
DescriptionThis chapter investigates how people use trees, parks, gardens, and other natural resources as raw materials in and settings for memorials to September 11, 2001. In particular, we focus on 'found space living memorials', which we define as sites that are community-managed, re-appropriated from their prior use, often carved out of the public right-of-way, and sometimes for temporary use. These memorials are created as part of traditional mourning rituals and acts of remembrance, but are not limited to formally consecrated sites or the site of the tragedy. They are dispersed throughout the city in everyday and highly public landscapes such as traffic islands, sidewalks, waterfronts, and front yards, demonstrating how ordinary spaces can become sacred. We present several forms of found space community-based living memorials in and around New York City: shrines, viewshed parks, gardens in the public right-of-way, and tree plantings. These cases provide evidence that community-managed memorials are self-organizing, democratic processes which develop independently of state-led memorial initiatives.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationSvendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2014. Community-based memorials to September 11, 2001: environmental stewardship as memory work. In: Tidball, Keith G.; Krasny, Marianne E., eds. Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, resilience and community greening. New York, NY: Springer Dordrecht: 339-355. Chapter 25.
KeywordsLiving memorial, Community-managed space, September 11, 2001, Social meaning, Stewardship, Greening
- Stewardship, learning, and memory in disaster resilience
- Land-markings: 12 Journeys through 9/11 Living Memorials
- Living Memorials: Understanding the Social Meanings of Community-Based Memorials to September 11, 2001
XML: View XML