Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    Establishment and maintenance of pitch pine/hardwood ecosystems in the southern Appalachians depends on intense wildfire. These ecosystems typically have a substantial evergreen shrub component (Kalmia latifolia) which limits regeneration of future overstory species. Wildfires provide microsite conditions conducive to pine regeneration and reduce Kalmia competition. Recent droughts in the region have resulted in significant acreages of southern pine beetle killed pine/hardwood stands. Site conditions are amenable to the high intenstry fires needed to regenerate pine; however, fire suppression limits the role of wildfire in these ecosystems. Research shows that pines will not regenerate in the absence of severe disturbance, such as a high intensity fue, and mixed pine/hardwood ecosystem will not be maintained. Currently, some of these ecosystems are being slashed. burned, and planted with white pine (Pinus strobus) in an effort to restore site productivity. Our findings show chat high intensity prescribed burning results in substantial pine regeneration and re-creation of mixed pine/hardwood ecosystems.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Vose, J.M.; Clinton, B.D.; Swank, W.T. 1993. Fire, Drought, and Forest Management Influences on Pine/Hardwood Ecosystems in the Southern Appalachians. A paper presented at the 12th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, October 26-28, 1993, at Jekyll Island, GA.

    Keywords

    pine restoration, prescribed burning, regeneration, ecosystem response

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/4726