Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): James M. Vose; Chelcy F. MiniatGe SunPeter V. Caldwell
    Date: 2014
    Source: Forest Science
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.39 MB)


    The potential expansion of freeze-tolerant (FT) Eucalyptus plantations in the United States has raised concerns about the implications for water resources. Modeling was used to examine the potential effects of expanding the distribution of FT Eucalyptus plantations in US Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 8b and greater on water yield (Q). Analyses focused on two scales: the stand scale and the regional scale at the 12-digit Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC) watershed. Results suggested that the stand-level implications of planting FT Eucalyptus on Q could vary by location, the land cover type before Eucalyptus establishment, and the hydrologic conditions of the planting site and surrounding area. Compared with that for some pine plantations, Q at the stand level could be equal to or reduced by as much as to 130 mm year-1 (a reduction of 9 -16% of precipitation) near the end of the rotation or on sites when leaf area index (LAI) is 4 m2 m-2 and reduced by as much as 500 mm year-1 (a reduction of 33-63% of precipitation) when LAI is 5 m2 m-2. In contrast, at the scale of conversion indicated by an economic analysis as most likely (e.g., <20% conversion of conifer to FT eucalyptus), reductions on Q at the 12-digit HUC scale will be negligible.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Vose, James M.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Sun, Ge; Caldwell, Peter V. 2014. Potential implications for expansion of freeze-tolerant eucalyptus plantations on water resources in the southern United States. Forest Science. 13 p.


    Google Scholar


    evapotranspiration, streamflow, modeling, water budget

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page