Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Ronald A. Rathfon; Songlin Fei; Jason Tower; Kenneth Andries; Michael Neary
    Date: 2014
    Source: In: Groninger, John W.; Holzmueller, Eric J.; Nielsen, Clayton K.; Dey, Daniel C., eds. Proceedings, 19th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2014 March 10-12; Carbondale, IL. General Technical Report NRS-P-142. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 220-232.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (580.08 KB)

    Description

    Land managers considering prescribed grazing (PG) face a lack of information on animal stocking rates, timing of grazing, and duration of grazing to achieve desired conditions in natural ecosystems under invasion stress from a variety of nonnative invasive plant (NNIP) species. In this study we tested PG treatments using goats for reducing NNIP brush species and measured impacts to native vegetation after 1 year. The hardwood forest understory was dominated by nonnative multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) and the native spicebush (Lindera benzoin). Treatments consisted of two levels of grazing intensity (16 and 48 goats per acre) and two levels of grazing frequency: a single late spring grazing and both late spring and a repeat early fall (October) grazing. All grazing treatments greatly reduced leaf cover of most species of ground layer vegetation at the time of grazing. One year later multiflora rose leaf cover was reduced by an average of 8 to 10 percent from pretreatment cover with no significant differences between grazing treatments. Spicebush cover was reduced by 12 to 16 percent. Although some herbaceous species increased and some decreased under PG treatments, herbaceous species diversity increased slightly overall. Herbaceous cover declined for high stocking rate PG treatments. Multiple years of prescribed grazing may be needed to substantially reduce NNIP cover.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Rathfon, Ronald A.; Fei, Songlin; Tower, Jason; Andries, Kenneth; Neary, Michael. 2014. Prescribed grazing for management of invasive vegetation in a hardwood forest understory. In: Groninger, John W.; Holzmueller, Eric J.; Nielsen, Clayton K.; Dey, Daniel C., eds. Proceedings, 19th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2014 March 10-12; Carbondale, IL. General Technical Report NRS-P-142. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 220-232.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page