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    Author(s): Rongbo Zheng; Mandla A. Tshabalala; Qingyu Li; Hongyan Wang
    Date: 2015
    Source: Applied Surface Science, Volume 328, 2015; pp. 453-458.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.18 MB)


    A convenient room temperature approach was developed for growing rutile TiO2 hierarchical structures on the wood surface by direct hydrolysis and crystallization of TiCl3 in saturated NaCl aqueous solution.The morphology and the crystal structure of TiO2 coated on the wood surface were characterized byscanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The TiO2 morphology onthe wood surface could be tuned by simply changing either the reaction time or pH value of the reaction mixture. After modification with perfluorodecyltriethoxysilane (PFDTS), the water contact angle (WCA) of the TiO2-treated wood (T1) surface increased to 140.0 ± 4.2◦, which indicated a highly hydrophobicwood surface. In addition, compared with untreated control wood, PFDTS-TiO2 treatment (PFDTS-T1-treated) not only reduced liquid water uptake, but also delayed the onset of water saturation point of the wood substrate. The weight change of PFDTS-T1-treated wood after 24 h of water immersion was 19.3%,compared to 81.3% for the untreated control wood. After 867 h of water immersion, the weight change for the treated and untreated wood specimens was 117.1%, and 155.1%, respectively. The untreated control wood reached the steady state after 187 h, while the PFDTS-T1-treated wood did not reach the steady state until after 600 h of immersion.

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    Zheng, Rongbo; Tshabalala, Mandla A.; Li, Qingyu; Wang, Hongyan. 2015. Construction of hydrophobic wood surfaces by room temperature deposition of rutile (TiO2) nanostructures. Applied Surface Science, Volume 328, 2015; pp. 453-458.


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    Nanostructure, Rutile TiO2, Superhydrophobicity, Water uptake, Wood surface

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