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    Author(s): J.Y. Zhu; M. Subhosh Chandra; Feng Gu; Roland GleisnerJ.Y. Zhu; John Sessions; Gevan Marrs; Johnway Gao; Dwight Anderson
    Date: 2015
    Source: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, Volume 179, 2015; pp. 390-397.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (1.19 MB)

    Description

    This study demonstrated at the pilot-scale (50 kg) use of Douglas-fir forest harvest residue, an underutilized forest biomass, for the production of high titer and high yield bioethanol using sulfite chemistry without solid–liquor separation and detoxification. Sulfite Pretreatment to Overcome the Recalcitrance of Lignocelluloses (SPORL) was directly applied to the ground forest harvest residue with no further mechanical size reduction, at a low temperature of 145 C and calcium bisulfite or total SO2 loadings of only 6.5 or 6.6 wt% on oven dry forest residue, respectively. The low temperature pretreatment facilitated high solids fermentation of the un-detoxified pretreated whole slurry. An ethanol yield of 282 L/ tonne, equivalent to 70% theoretical, with a titer of 42 g/L was achieved. SPORL solubilized approximately 45% of the wood lignin as directly marketable lignosulfonate with properties equivalent to or better than a commercial lignosulfonate, important to improve the economics of biofuel production.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Zhu, J.Y.; Chandra, M. Subhosh; Gu, Feng; Gleisner, Roland; Reiner, Rick; Sessions, John; Marrs, Gevan; Gao, Johnway; Anderson, Dwight. 2015. Using sulfite chemistry for robust bioconversion of Douglas-fir forest residue to bioethanol at high titer and lignosulfonate: A pilot-scale evaluation. BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, Volume 179, 2015; pp. 390-397.

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    Keywords

    Sulfite pulping, Pretreatment, High titer biofuel, Forest residues, Lignosulfonate

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