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    Author(s): Toddi A. Steelman; Branda Nowell; Deena Bayoumi; Sarah McCaffrey
    Date: 2014
    Source: Administration and Society. 46(6): 707-743.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (579.27 KB)

    Description

    We leverage economic theory, network theory, and social network analytical techniques to bring greater conceptual and methodological rigor to understand how information is exchanged during disasters. We ask, "How can information relationships be evaluated more systematically during a disaster response?" "Infocentric analysis"—a term and approach we develop here—can (a) define an information market and information needs, (b) identify suppliers of information and mechanisms for information exchange, (c) map the information exchange network, and (d) diagnose information exchange failures. These steps are essential for describing how information flows, diagnosing complications, and positing solutions to rectify information problems during a disaster.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Steelman, Toddi A.; Nowell, Branda; Bayoumi, Deena.; McCaffrey, Sarah. 2014. Understanding information exchange during disaster response: Methodological insights from infocentric analysis. Administration and Society. 46(6): 707-743.

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    Keywords

    disasters, information, social network analysis, interorganizational coordination communication, exchange markets, infocentric social network analysis, wildfire

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