Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Kristopher R. Brown; W. Michael Aust; Kevin J. McGuire
    Date: 2015
    Source: Proceedings of the 17th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–203. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 551 p
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (522.95 KB)

    Description

    Reopening of abandoned legacy roads is common in forest operations and represents a reduced cost in comparison to new road construction. However, legacy roads may have lower road standards and require additional best management practice (BMP) implementation upon reopening to protect water quality. Silt fences and elevation measurements of trapped sediment were used to quantify annual sediment delivery rates for reopened bare and existing gravel forest road approaches to stream crossings in the Virginia Piedmont. Additionally, rainfall simulation experiments were performed on reopened legacy road stream crossing approaches to quantify the cost-effectiveness of a range of gravel surface coverage for control of total suspended solids (TSS) concentration from road surface runoff during storm events. In the sediment trap study, mean annual sediment delivery for the reopened bare approaches (98 Mg ha-1 year -1) was 7.5 times greater than that of the gravel approaches (13 Mg ha-1 year -1). Problem road approaches were associated with inadequate water control (greater than 75 m between water control structures) and 90 to 100 percent bare soil conditions throughout the year. Median TSS concentration of road surface runoff (g L-1) for the Bare treatment rainfall simulations (2.34 g L-1; 90 to 100 percent bare soil conditions) was 1.8 times greater than Gravel 1 (1.32 g L-1; 25 to 50 percent gravel surface coverage) and 3.3 times greater than Gravel 2 (0.72 g L-1; 50 to100 percent gravel surface coverage). Gravel surfacing of the road approaches cost $10.27/m of road length for a gravel depth of 7.6 cm and local cost of $27.78/Mg ($25 per ton).

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Brown, Kristopher R.; Aust, W. Michael; McGuire, Kevin J. 2015. Monitoring sediment production from forest road approaches to stream crossing in the Virginia Piedmont. Proceedings of the 17th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–203. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 551 p

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page