Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Christa M. Dagley; Timothy B. Harrington; M. Boyd Edwards
    Date: 2002
    Source: In: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–48. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pg. 487-489
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (46 KB)

    Description

    Overstory and midstory vegetation layers strongly limit abundance and species richness of understory herbaceous plants in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) plantations. However, the separate effects of overstory competition and needlefall remain unknown and are the subject of this study. Four levels of overstory thinning were applied to 0.10-hectare plots in each of three 13- to 15-year-old plantations at the Savannah River Site, resulting in 0, 25, 50 and 100 percent pine stockings. Four split plots were established within each main plot: trenching (presence or absence) to eliminate pine root competition and needlefall (presence or absence). Containerized seedlings of selected herbs were grown in a greenhouse, planted within each treatment, and their abundance and size were monitored during 1999-2000. Soil surface temperature and availabilities of light, soil water, and soil and foliar nutrients also were measured periodically. Light availability and temperature each decreased with pine stocking, while in specific months, availabilities of soil water and nitrogen were greater in the presence versus absence of trenching. Reductions of seedling performance with increasing pine stocking were less in the presence versus absence of trenching. Certain species demonstrated shade tolerance, while others had optimal growth at 0 percent pine stocking. For several species, cover increased (1999) and then decreased (2000) in response to accumulation of needlefall. Results indicate that plant responses to light availability were strongly regulated by soil water availability and needlefall.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Dagley, Christa M.; Harrington, Timothy B.; Edwards, M. Boyd. 2002. Understory Restoration in Longleaf Pine Plantations: Overstory Effects of Competition and Needlefall. In: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–48. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pg. 487-489

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page