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The influence of felling season and log-soaking temperature on the wetting and phenol formaldehyde adhesive bonding characteristics of birch veneerAuthor(s): Anti Rohumaa; Christopher G. Hunt; Charles R. Frihart; Pekka Saranpää; Martin Ohlmeyer; Mark Hughes
Source: Holzforschung Volume 68, Number 8, 2014; pp. 965–970.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Forest Products Laboratory
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DescriptionMost adhesive studies employing wood veneer as the substrate assume that it is a relatively uniform material if wood species and veneer thickness are constant. In the present study, veneers from rotary cut birch (Betula pendula Roth) were produced from logs harvested in spring, autumn and winter, and soaked at 20°C and 70°C prior to peeling. Firstly, veneers produced from logs felled in autumn were dried at 103°C for 24 h and subsequently half of these veneers were heat-treated at 180°C for 3 h. In addition, veneers produced from logs felled in all three seasons were dried at 160°C for 3.5 min to simulate industrial drying. The wettability of veneers was evaluated goniometrically, and bonding strength was evaluated with an automated bonding evaluation system (ABES). The results show that soaking birch logs at 70°C rather than at 20°C before peeling, or harvesting trees in the spring rather than in the autumn or winter, gives rise to veneers with enhanced wettability and higher bond strengths with a phenol-formaldehyde adhesive. Changes in the preparation and history of a veneer surface may have a profound effect on the development of adhesive bonds.
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CitationRohumaa, Anti; Hunt, Christopher G.; Frihart, Charles R.; Saranpää, Pekka; Ohlmeyer, Martin; Hughes, Mark 2014. The influence of felling season and log-soaking temperature on the wetting and phenol formaldehyde adhesive bonding characteristics of birch veneer. Holzforschung Volume 68, Number 8, 2014; pp. 965–970.
Keywordsautomated bonding evaluation system (ABES), bond strength, felling season, heat-treatment, soaking temperature, veneer, wettability
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