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    Description

    Planted forests are increasingly contributing wood products and other ecosystem services at a global scale. These forests will be even more important as carbon markets develop and REDD-plus forest programs (forests used specifically to reduce atmospheric emissions of CO2 through deforestation and forest degradation) become common. Restoring degraded and deforested areas with long-rotation planted forests can be accomplished in a manner that enhances carbon storage and other key ecosystem services. Knowledge from natural systems and understanding the functioning novel of ecosystems can be instructive for planning and restoring future forests. Here we summarize information pertaining to the mechanisms by which biodiversity functions to provide ecosystem services including: production, pest control, pollination, resilience, nutrient cycling, seed dispersal, and water quality and quantity and suggest options to improve planted forest management, especially for REDD-plus.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Thompson, Ian D.; Okabe, Kimiko; Parrotta, John A.; Forrester, David I.; Brockerhoff, Eckehard; Jactel, Hervé; Taki, Hisatomo. 2014. Biodiversity and Conservation, 23(10): 2613-2635.

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    Keywords

    Biodiversity, REDD-plus, Ecosystem services, Planted forest, Forest management, Plantation

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/47864