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    Author(s): Ian Thompson; Kimiko Okabe; Jason Tylianakis; Pushpam Kumar; Eckehard G. Brockerhoff; Nancy Schellhorn; John A. Parrotta; Robert Nasi
    Date: 2011
    Source: BioScience
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Washington Office
    PDF: View PDF  (0 B)

    Description

    Biodiversity is integral to almost all ecosystem processes, with some species playing key functional roles that are essential for maintaining the value of ecosystems to humans. However, many ecosystem services remain nonvalued, and decisionmakers rarely consider biodiversity in policy development, in part because the relationships between biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services are not generally appreciated. To date, the majority of work in which the functional importance of biodiversity has been examined has been conducted in relatively species-poor systems. Focusing on forest and agroforest systems, we synthesize recent research on the role of biodiversity in the provision of ecosystem services and provide examples of biodiversity science that informs ecosystem management and policy. Finally, we highlight barriers to the transfer of knowledge from scientists to decisionmakers and suggest that scientists can be much more effective at informing policy and improving resource management by asking policy-relevant questions and providing timely and consistent information to decisionmakers and the public on the linkages among biodiversity, ecosystem services, and their value to people.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Thompson, Ian; Okabe, Kimiko; Tylianakis, Jason; Kumar, Pushpam; Brockerhoff, Eckehard G.; Schellhorn, Nancy; Parrotta, John A.; Nasi, Robert. 2011. Forest biodiversity and the delivery of ecosystem goods and services: translating science into policy. BioScience 61(12): 972-981.

    Keywords

    ecosystem services, valuation, biodiversity, forest management, natural resources policy

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/47896