Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Ying Wang; Paula M. Pijut
    Date: 2014
    Source: In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant. 50(3): 307-316.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (979.66 KB)


    An improved protocol for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of an elite, mature black cherry genotype was developed. To increase transformation efficiency, vacuum infiltration, sonication, and a combination of the two treatments were applied during the cocultivation of leaf explants with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA105 harboring a PsAGAMOUS RNAi plasmid (pART27-PsAGRNAi). The effects of Agrobacterium culture density and cocultivation duration on transformation efficiency were examined using EHA105 harboring either pBI121-MDL4 or pBI121-PsTFL1. In addition, the effect of the binary vector on transformation efficiency was also studied. Fifteen-minute vacuum infiltration without sonication produced the highest transformation efficiency (21.7%) in experiments using pART27-PsAGRN Ai. OD600 values of 1.0 and 1.5 resulted in a transformation efficiency of 5% when pBI121-PsTFL1 was used for transformation. Transformation efficiency of 5% was also obtained from 3-d cocultivation using construct pBI121-MDL4 whereas no shoots regenerated after 4-d cocultivation. The binary vectors used also impacted transformation efficiency. PCR and quantitative-PCR analyses were used to confirm the integration of transgenes and determine the copy number of the selectable marker gene, neomycin phosphotransferase II, in 18 putative transgenic lines. Rooting of transgenic black cherry shoots was achieved at a frequency of 30% using half-strength Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 2% sucrose, 5 µM naphthaleneacetic acid, 0.01 µM kinetin, and 0.793 mM phloroglucinol, and the resulting transgenic plants were successfully acclimatized.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Wang, Ying; Pijut, Paula M. 2014. Improvement of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation and rooting of black cherry. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant. 50(3): 307-316.


    Google Scholar


    Genetic transformation, Prunus serotina, Rooting, Sonication, Vacuuminfiltration

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page