Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Peter U. Kennedy; Victor B. Shelburne
    Date: 2002
    Source: In: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-48. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pg. 605-609
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (91 KB)


    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data and historical plats ranging from 1716 to 1894 in the Coastal Flatwoods Region of South Carolina were used to quantify changes on a temporal scale. Combining the historic plats and associated witness trees (trees marking the boundaries of historic plats) with an existing database of the soils and other attributes was the basis for exploring possible site types as defined by Landscape Ecosystem Classification (LEC) and historic vegetation. Field plots were established using locations of the witness trees from the historic plats. The witness trees could then be used as a basis of comparison between past and present vegetation. From the field plots, four clusters of vegetation were delineated using Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DECORANA) and Two-way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN). Discriminant analysis revealed thickness of the A horizon, presence/absence of a 6 horizon, Landform Index (LI), and Terrain Shape Index (TSI) as discriminating variables in the model. These four site units revealed a soil moisture gradient ranging from very poorly drained soils to moderately well drained soils. The historic witness tree data set was dominated by longleaf pine (70 percent). The comparison of historic witness trees to present vegetation showed a drastic decrease in longleaf across the landscape due to past management practices and the suppression of fire.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Kennedy, Peter U.; Shelburne, Victor B. 2002. Integration of Landscape Ecosystem Classification and Historic Land Records in the Francis Marion National Forest. In: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-48. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pg. 605-609

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page