Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Roswell D. Carpenter
    Date: 1969
    Source: In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 26-32.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.67 MB)

    Description

    A birch tree is made up of a variety of round pieces of wood that can be used to manufacture many different products. To convert the tree into its best end use, it is first necessary to classify the usable round pieces into major product classes. These product classes will vary from low-quality wood suitable only for pulpwood or charcoal to high-quality wood for making fancy veneer (fig. 1). After the major product classification is made, a grading system is used to determine the relative value of the log, bolt, or tree for that product.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Carpenter, Roswell D. 1969. Bolt, log, and tree grades for birch. In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 26-32.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/48085