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    Author(s): John C. Bjorkbom
    Date: 1969
    Source: In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. 1969. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 79-82.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Northeastern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.87 MB)

    Description

    Artificial regeneration of hardwoods does not have a very good reputation. Many of the early attempts to establish these species by seeding or planting resulted in failure. Then too, natural regeneration is usually adequate on cut over areas, so that there is little need for artificial regeneration on such areas. Nevertheless there are situations where artificial regeneration will be needed. It may be desirable to fill in blanks in existing natural reproduction, or to increase the proportion of valuable species such as birch. Any stand with an inadequate seed supply would be a candidate for artificial regeneration, and we are beginning to realize that seed supply may limit natural birch regeneration more often than was previously believed.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Bjorkbom, John C. 1969. Seeding and planting birch. In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. 1969. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 79-82.

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