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    Author(s): Bunichiro Tomita; Chung-Yun Hse
    Date: 1998
    Source: International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives. 18: 69-79.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (481 KB)


    The reaction of urea with methylolphenol under acidic conditions was investigated. The alternating copolymer of urea and phenol could be synthesized by the reaction of urea and 2,4,6-trimethylolphenol. The reactions of urea with polymethylolphenol mixtures also were investigated by changing the reaction conditions, such as the molar ratio and acidity. The co-condensates were analyzed by carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine the ratios of co-condensation.

    Another synthetic method to obtain co-condensed resins was developed by reacting phenol with UF concentrate, which is a type of urea-formaldehyde resin prepared with a high molar ratio of formaldehyde to urea (F/U) such as greater than 2.5. Further, it was found that resol-type co-condensed resins can be synthesized by alkaline treatment of the co-condensed resins that were once prepared under acidic conditions. The curing process and thermal properties of resol-type co-condensed resins were investigated by torsional braid analysis. The co-condensed resins displayed almost the same curing behavior and heat resistance as a commercial resol. Their adhesive performance against plywood was evaluated by conducting a cyclic 4 h boil test and a 72 h boil test. The plywood test results passed the requirements for JAS special-grade structural plywood.

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    Tomita, Bunichiro; Hse, Chung-Yun. 1998. Phenol-Urea-Formaldehyde (PUF) co-condensed wood adhesives. International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives. 18: 69-79.

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