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Particulate and trace gas emissions from prescribed burns in southeastern U.S. fuel types: Summary of a 5-year projectAuthor(s): David R. Weise; Timothy J. Johnson; James Reardon
Source: Fire Safety Journal. 74: 71-81
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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DescriptionManagement of smoke from prescribed fires requires knowledge of fuel quantity and the amount and composition of the smoke produced by the fire to minimize adverse impacts on human health. A five-year study produced new emissions information for more than 100 trace gases and particulate matter in smoke for fuel types found in the southern United States of America using state-of-the-art instrumentation in both laboratory and field experiments. Emission factors for flaming, smoldering, and residual smoldering were developed. Agreement between laboratory and field-derived emission factors was generally good in most cases. Reference spectra of over 50 wildland fire gas-phase smoke components were added to a publicly-available database to support identification via infrared spectroscopy. Fuel loading for the field experiments was similar to previously measured fuels. This article summarizes the results of a five-year study to better understand the composition of smoke during all phases of burning for such forests.
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CitationWeise, David R.; Johnson, Timothy J.; Reardon, James. 2015. Particulate and trace gas emissions from prescribed burns in southeastern U.S. fuel types: Summary of a 5-year project. Fire Safety Journal. 74: 71-81.
Keywordssmoke, Pinus palustris, pocosin, spectroscopy, wildland fire
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- Intercomparison of Fire Size, Fuel Loading, Fuel Consumption, and Smoke Emissions Estimates on the 2006 Tripod Fire, Washington, USA
- Characterizing sources of emissions from wildland fires
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